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  • Italian in Thirty Short Lessons
    Italiano in Trenta Brevi Lezioni
    by Giancarlo v. Nacher Malvaioli

    Twenty-Fifth Lesson
    Lezione Venticinquesima (venticinQUEsima)

    SOME CONJUNCTIONS
    ALCUNE CONGIUNZIONI

    e (*ed)
    ancora
    neanche (o neppure)
    ora...ora
    cioè
    perciò
    quando
    finchè
    poiché
    se-se non
    benché
    malgrado che
    cosi
    eccetto che
    cosi...come
    però (o ma)
    mentre
    quantunque
    cosicché
    infatti
    dopodiché
    in modo che
    tuttavia (tuttaVIa)
    and
    even-still
    not even
    now...now
    that is
    so-therefore
    when
    until-as long as
    on condition that
    if-if not
    although
    in spite of
    so-therefore
    unless
    as...as
    but
    while
    although
    so that
    in fact-actually
    after which
    so that
    nevertheless
    o (*od)
    inoltre
    oppure
    anzi
    dunque
    ebbene
    come
    perchè
    affinché
    sebbene
    quasi
    fuorché
    purché
    anche (o pure)
    quindi
    giacché
    nonostante che
    a meno...che
    del resto
    dal momento che
    perfino-persino
    ossia (osSIa)
    né...né
    or
    besides
    or-otherwise-else
    rather-on the contrary
    therefore-so-well
    well-then
    how
    because
    in order that
    though
    as it
    except
    as long as-on condition that
    also-too-yet
    therefore
    as-since
    in spite of
    unless
    besides-moreover
    since-given that
    even
    that is
    neither…nor

    • * when e is before a word beginning with a vowel, particulary e you may add one d to e (ed), the same happens with o (od) and with the preposition a (ad); examples: tu ed io siamo gemelli (You and I are twins). Vuoi il sale od il pepe? (Do you want salt or pepper?). Ho aiutato la mamma ad apparecchiare la tavola (TAvola); ho messo la tovaglia, le salviette (o i tovaglioli), i piatti, le posate: il coltello, la forchetta, il cucchiaio e un cucchiaino per il dolce, due bicchieri, uno per l'acqua e l'altro per il vino. (I helped my mom set the table: I put a tablecloth, napkins, dishes: knife, fork, spoon and a teaspoon for dessert, two glasses, one for water and the other for wine).
    • More examples about conjunctions: Io desidero (deSIdero) dell'arrosto e del purè. (I wish roast and smashed potatoes). Anch'io desidero (deSIdero) qualcosa, però non so decidermi (deCIdermi). (I wish something too, but I haven't made up my mind). Non volevi del pesce fritto? (Did you not want some fried fish?). No, ho cambiato idea, preferisco del petto di pollo, un'insalata di lattuga, pomodori, peperoni verdi e carote, con olio e aceto, ed anche del pane, però abbrustolito. (I don't anymore, I changed idea, I prefer chicken breast and salad with tomatoes, green peppers and carrots, with oil and vinegar, and some toasted bread too). Quasi quasi me ne vado a letto, ho molto sonno. (I think I am going to bed, I am very sleepy). Infatti hai lavorato molto oggi, dormi pure, mentre io finisco di leggere (LEGgere) il giornale, dopodiché m'addormenterò anch'io. (In fact today you have worked very much, sleep well, while I finish reading the newspaper, after which I will sleep too). Perfino tu mi hai detto delle bugie, perciò non posso più crederti (CREderti). (Even you have told me lies, I can't believe you anymore). Sebbene siamo stati a Mosca, e malgrado la magnifica accoglienza che abbiamo avuto, siamo dovuti ritornare in Italia perché mia madre s'era sentita male. (Though we were in Moscow, and in spite of the wonderful welcome we received, we had to come back to Italy because my mother felt ill). Lui non legge né studia. Neppure lei. (He doesn't read nor study. Neither does she).

    Print This Lesson

    Lesson/Lezione
    1
    11
    21
    2
    12
    22
    3
    13
    23
    4
    14
    24
    5
    15
    25
    6
    16
    26
    7
    17
    27
    8
    18
    28
    9
    19
    29
    10
    20
    30
    Index/Indice
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