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  • Giuseppe Garibaldi
    July 4, 1807 - June 2, 1882
    Part 5 of 7: In the Austro-Prussian War and Afterward
    Continued from part 4

    Garibaldi took up arms again in 1866, this time with the full support of the Italian government. Italy had allied with Prussia against Austria-Hungary, seeking to take Venetia from Austrian rule. He gathered again his Hunters of the Alps, now some 40,000 strong, and led them into the Tyrol. While the Italian regular forces suffered defeat by land and sea, Garibaldi defeated the Austrians at Bezzecca and made for Trento.

    Italy did annex Venetia, though this was due not to its own military prowess but to Prussia's. Garibaldi's success in Trentino was for nought.

    Garibaldi now led a political party that agitated for the capture of Rome, the peninsula's ancient capital. In 1867, he again marched on the city, but the Papal army, supported by a French auxiliary force, proved a match for his badly-armed volunteers. He was taken prisoner, held captive for a time, and then again returned to Caprera. French troops withdrew from Rome in 1870, and the Italians captured the Papal States without Garibaldi's assistance.

    During the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-1871, he led a force of volunteers in support of the new French republic.

    Part 6: Legacy

    In this biography:
    Part 1: Introduction
    Part 2: Early Activity
    Part 3: Campaign of 1860
    Part 4: Expedition Against Rome
    Part 5: In the Austro-Prussian War and Afterward
    Part 6: Legacy
    Part 7: Related Articles, Sites, etc.

    This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Giuseppe Garibaldi".


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